Luana, who is from Zambia, is the only member of her extended family to survive.
Luana’s mother, Mzimbe Mkhize, has lived in Zambia for more than 70 years, living a nomadic lifestyle in the region.
“My grandfather was a shepherd,” she said.
Mkhize said she knew Luana as a child, but she didn’t know much about her family.
“She had no name, no history, no family name,” Mkhise said.
“Luana has no family, so we have to do our best to learn the history and understand the roots of her family.”
Mkhise had spent much of her childhood studying the history of the Luans, Zambia’s indigenous people.
“I learnt about the Luan people because I was studying the people of Luans and they are very important to us,” Mkize said.
The Luans are a member of the Bantu language family, the same as the Ndebele, the Yoruba and the Tshuma.
They speak the Bana language, which is spoken in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia.
The Bana, also known as the Mandu, are an ethnic group who live in the eastern Democratic Republic and South Sudan.
The Luan language is a mix of Bana and Luan, which means the mother tongue of both languages.
“We learnt about our heritage and our identity and we learned the language,” Makhize said, as she watched Luana play with her younger sister, who was playing outside the house.
“They don’t know anything about Luans.
So they are trying to learn a language from them.”
Luana played outside the family’s home, where she was accompanied by her younger brother, a 15-year-old boy, and his sister.
There was no one else around.
It was just Luana playing with her sister and her younger siblings, who are all about four and five years old.
“It was so beautiful, she played in the fields with her siblings,” Mwamba Mkhizela said.
It was a typical day at the family home, with a few activities planned.
“Today we are going to have a barbecue,” Luana said.
Luana, her younger brothers and their mother were also scheduled to play basketball with their friends.
“When the sun went down, we would sit around and talk,” Mchizela, a retired teacher, said.
She said she was a proud mother.
“This is a life we all lived.
We are proud of Luana,” she added.
Aboriginal women, especially the Luas, are often told they are “unfit to work”.
“Luan women are not supposed to work.
They are not allowed to have children,” Mmbemba said.
“So what happens when the Luants don’t have enough work?
They die, they die of starvation, they starve.”
Luan people are often blamed for the death of millions of people in the country’s recent conflict.
Many Luans have been forced into labour, with forced marriages, sexual slavery and other forms of forced labour.
Luan men are also targeted, and are often beaten and killed.
More than two million women, girls and young people were raped and enslaved in a conflict that began in 1992.
Lwangevu Mlungu, a researcher and social worker, says there is a link between the Luani and the Luangas.
“The Luani people have a very strong tradition of living in harmony with nature,” Mlengu said.
In the past, the Luanos were also known for their work in the timber industry, but Mlenswe Mlauza said the Luana women have always been in demand.
Some Luans who work in logging or mining have also been displaced from their communities.””
They have a good lifestyle and they have a lot of resources,” she explained.
Some Luans who work in logging or mining have also been displaced from their communities.
“Because they have lived in the forest, they have been able to survive in the bush,” Mlsueza said.
“And the forests have given them a lot more skills, they can now do the kinds of things that they have never been able do before.”
Lwangvu Mmbeni says many Luans in Luangwa have lost their jobs because of the conflict.
“Some Luan women who have worked in logging and mining have lost jobs because the conflict has affected their livelihoods,” she says.
In the bush, there are very