The early 19th century saw the birth of the Royal Society and the first coronavirus pandemic, which brought on the Great Plague, the second world war and the Great Depression.
The coronaviral pandemic that started in October 1918 saw the deaths of about half a million people and the end of the Industrial Revolution.
But the Great War saw the rise of industrialisation and mass migration from Britain to Australia, and a new wave of migration began in the 1930s.
The most recent recorded death occurred in 1940 when Australian War Memorial director Ian Hurd, aged 85, died of tuberculosis.
Mr Hurd’s death was caused by tuberculosis, according to the Australian War Graves Commission.
The late Mr Hurd had been a member of the Australian Parliament for 25 years, but his death has been blamed on the influenza pandemic.
The Great Depression of the 1930-33 recession saw millions of workers go into the bush to find work.
The first recorded death in Australia occurred in March 1937 when Victorian resident and nurse Helen O’Donnell, aged 83, died in the city of Port Hedland.
A coroner in Sydney said Mr O’Dowd’s death could have been a result of tuberculosis and pneumonia.
The outbreak began in Australia in mid-March with outbreaks in Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia.
The virus was traced to people who had contracted it from infected fruit bats, although this was later shown to be a false positive.
The pandemic has killed more than 5.7 million people in the US and more than 100,000 in Australia.